<!-- saved from url=(0022)http://internet.e-mail --> <HTML><HEAD><TITLE>8E08; >A>=>2A:89. 8;04 &C:5@<0= 8 53> :0<CD;O6=0O ;8=328AB8:0. !5=BO1@L 2003</TITLE> <META http-equiv=Content-Type content="text/html; charset=unicode"> <META content="MSHTML 6.00.2800.1106" name=GENERATOR></HEAD> <BODY lang=RU vLink=black aLink=#000000 link=black bgColor=#feedd3> <BLOCKQUOTE> <CENTER><B><FONT size=+3>8E08; >A>=>2A:89 </FONT></B><B><FONT size=+2></FONT></B> <P><B><FONT size=+3>8;04 &C:5@<0= 8 53> :0<CD;O6=0O ;8=328AB8:0 </FONT></B></CENTER> <DIV align=justify> <P><BR> <p>G. Zuckermann.  <i><a href="http://www.zuckermann.org/engineering.pdf">Lexical Engineering as a Tool for Judging Other Religions: a Socio-Philological Perspective,</a></i> Readings in the Sociology of Language and Religion (Ed. T.Omoniyi and J.Fishman), 2004 (3>B>28BAO : 8740=8N). <p>G. Zuckermann.  <i><a href="http://www.zuckermann.org/english.pdf">Language Contact and Globalization: the Camouflaged Influence of English on the World Languages,</a></i> Cambridge Review of International Affairs, Vol. 16, No. 2 (2003). <p>ZUCKERMANN, Ghil`ad 2003. <B>Language Contact and Lexical Enrichment in Israeli Hebrew</b>. London-New York: Palgrave Macmillan. (Palgrave Studies in Language History and Language Change, Series editor: Charles Jones). Hardback, 304 pages, 216mm x 138mm, ISBN: 140391723X, 55 GBP. <font size=+1> <p><br>>7@>645=85 @073>2>@=>3> 82@8B0, ?>60;C9, A0<K9 CA?5H=K9 @57C;LB0B A8>=8ABA:>3> 42865=8O. >6=> A?>@8BL, C40;>AL ;8 A>740B5;O< 7@08;O A45;0BL 53> 157>?0A=K< C1568I5< 4;O 52@552 <8@0, 2>?;>B8BL 2 =5< 8450;K 52@59A:8E ?@>@>:>2, >4=0:>, =5 2K7K205B A><=5=8O, GB> 82@8B, ?>A;5 <=>38E 25:>2 873=0=8O, AB0; ?>;=>F5==K< =0F8>=0;L=K< O7K:><, >1A;C6820NI8< 2A5 AB>@>=K 687=8 =>2>3> 3>AC40@AB20. 8=328ABK, ?@845@68202H85AO B@048F8>==>9 B>G:8 7@5=8O, B0:85 :0: %. >75= 8;8 %. 018=, ?>;030;8, GB> 87@08;LA:89 82@8B ?@54AB02;O5B A>1>9 70:>=><5@=K9 MB0? @0728B8O 4@52=552@59A:>3> O7K:0, 8AB>@8O :>B>@>3> 2:;NG05B 181;59A:CN, <8H=08BA:CN, A@54=525:>2CN 8 A>2@5<5==CN AB048N.  >B;8G85 >B MB>3> @52878>=8ABK, B0:85 :0: . 5:A;5@ 8 . %>@20B, 0 5I5 @0=LH5  . #;5=4>@D, AB02OB ?>4 A><=5=85 A5<8BA:89 E0@0:B5@ A>2@5<5==>3> 82@8B0, ?>;030O, GB> 70 2=5H=8< D0A04>< 351@0878@>20==>9 ;5:A8:8 8 0@E08G5A:8E =>@<0B82=KE ?@028; 3@0<<0B8:8 A:@K20NBAO 8=4>52@>?59A:85 A5<0=B8G5A:85 >B=>H5=8O 8 A8=B0:A8A. <p> !25689 273;O4 =0 2>7@>645=85 @073>2>@=>3> 82@8B0 A>45@68BAO 2 @01>B0E <>;>4>3> ;8=328AB0, 2KE>4F0 87 7@08;O, 8;040 &C:5@<0=0. &C:5@<0= 70I8B8; 2 2000 3. 48AA5@B0F8N 2 :AD>@4A:>< C=825@A8B5 ?> B5<5 0<CD;O6=>5 708<AB2>20=85. >OA=8BL ACBL O2;5=8O, :>B>@>5 &C:5@<0= =07K205B <i>:0<CD;O6=K< 708<AB2>20=85<</i> 8;8 <i>D>=>A5<0=B8G5A:8< A>>B25BAB285<</i> (phono-semantic matching, PSM), <>6=> =0 ?@8<5@5 A;>20  <i>4M<M</i> (1>;20=:0, <0:5B), 2>AE>4OI53> : 4@52=552@59A:><C  <i>40<0</i> (1KBL ?>E>68<). ! 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(Lexical Engineering, A. 19-20) </dir> <p> 0<CD;O6=>5 708<AB2>20=85 A;C68;> A@54AB2>< >1>30I5=8O ;5:A8:8 A>2@5<5==>3> 82@8B0, ?>72>;OO 2K40BL 8=>AB@0==K5 8;8 8=B5@=0F8>=0;L=K5 A;>20 70 A5<8BA:85, 351@0878@>20BL 8E, >45BL 2 4@52=552@59A:>5 >1;0G5=85. 2B>@ =07K205B MB> O2;5=85 =0B82870F859 =0 >A=>25 =0@>4=>9 MB8<>;>388, folk-etimological nativization (FEN). => A>>B25BAB2>20;> A>F80;L=><C 70:07C 87@08;LA:>3> >1I5AB20, 65;02H53> 2845BL A51O ?@>4>;65=85< 4@52=552@59A:>3> 3>AC40@AB20. $>=>A5<0=B8G5A:>5 A>>B25BAB285 8A?>;L7C5BAO ?@8 :>=AB@C8@>20=88 =5>;>387<>2 8 2 4@C38E O7K:0E. -@ &C:5@<0= ?@82>48B ?@8<5@K 87 :8B09A:>3>, 0@01A:>3>, BC@5F:>3> M?>E8 @52>;NF88, :@5>;LA:8E 8 4@C38E O7K:>2. <p> >20B>@AB2> 02B>@0 A>AB>8B 2 B><, GB> >= @0AA<>B@5; 2 45B0;OE 8 ?@54;>68; A8AB5<C ?>=OB89 4;O >?8A0=8O H8@>:> 8A?>;L7C5<>3> <5B>40 A;>2>B2>@G5AB20, :>B>@K9, E>BO 8 1K; 8725AB5= @0=LH5, >1KG=> ;8HL 2A:>;L7L C?><8=0;AO ;8=328AB0<8. >=F5?F8O <=>3>8AB>G=8:>2>3> 708<AB2>20=8O ?>72>;O5B 273;O=CBL =0 8AB>@8N O7K:0 A ?>78F88 :>=25@35=F88, 2K45;8BL =>2CN 3@0=L O7K:>2>3> :>=B0:B0. <p> 4=0:>, O2;O5BAO ;8 FEN G5<-B> =>2K< 4;O 82@8B0? 0@>4=K5 MB8<>;>38O 2AB@5G0NBAO C65 2 A0<>< 5BE>< 025B5. >6=> 2A?><=8BL 8 >1JOA=5=85 8<5= A>1AB25==KE:  7@08;L, :0: 1>@>2H89AO A >3>< (KB85 27:32, A>3;0A=> MB8<>;>38G5A:><C A;>20@N BDB, >3 CB25@48B),  /:>2 >B A;>20  ?OB:0 (KB. 25:26, A@. 27:36),  2@00< :0: >B5F <=>38E =0@>4>2 (KB 17:5), 8;8 B>;:>20=85, =0?@8<5@, A;>20  <i>F0;<025B</i> - <@0: (A. 23:4 A;8 ?>94C 4>;8=>9 <@0:0, =5 C1>NAL 7;0) :0:   B5=L A<5@B8, 8 4@C385. 725AB=K9 <>A:>2A:89 A5<8B>;>3 ;5:A0=4@ 8;8B0@52 ?@54;>68; 4065 B5@<8= MB8<>?>MB8:0 4;O >1>7=0G5=8O <8D>B2>@G5AB20 =0 >A=>25 =0@>4=>9 MB8<>;>388.  :0G5AB25 ?@8<5@0 MB8<>?>MB8:8 >= ?@82>48B AE>4AB2> @07=>:>@5==KE A;>2  <i>30;CB</i> (480A?>@0, 873=0=85) 8  <i>35C;0</i> (>A2>1>645=85), AB02H8E ?@>B82>?>;>6=K<8 ?> 7=0G5=8N, => ?0@=K<8 ?>=OB8O<8 2 8C4087<5, 8;8 A;>2  <i>040<</i> (G5;>25:),  <i>040<0</i> (75<;O),  <i>40<</i> (:@>2L),  <i>04>=</i> (3>A?>48=) 8  <i>40<0</i> (1KBL ?>E>68<), 254CI8E : ?>O2;5=8N A>>B25BAB2CNI8E <8D>;>35<. <p>>6=> ?@825AB8 8 ?@8<5@K 708<AB2>20==>9 ;5:A8:8 2 81;88, >A>7=0202H59AO 2 :0G5AB25 A5<8BA:>9. 0?@8<5@, 4@52=5538?5BA:89 B8BC; >A8D0 @5:@0A=>3>  <i>02@5E</i>, A =5OA=>9 MB8<>;>3859, B@0:B>20;AO :0: 1;03>A;>25==K9 8;8 ?@5:;>=8B5 :>;5=8! 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MB><C <>6=> 4>1028BL E0A84A:85 CBK (CB>2) >B   <i>8-">2</i>, >1@:0 >B   <i>=59-@0:</i>. =B5@5A=>, GB> ?>GB8 2> 2A5E MB8E A;CG0OE =0@>4=0O MB8<>;>38O A2>48BAO 2>2A5 =5 : >1JOA=5=8N 8=>AB@0==>3> B5@<8=0 G5@57 @073>2>@=>5, ?>=OB=>5 A;>2>, 0 A:>@55 : A>7=0B5;L=><C :0<CD;8@>20=8N, A>?>AB02;5=8N =552@59A:8E @50;89 A :=86=K<8 ?>=OB8O<8. !0< B5@<8= =5 2?>;=5 B>G5=, ?>4>1=>5 8=B5@?@5B0F88 =5 O2;ONBAO =8 =0@>4=K<8 2 ?>;=>< A<KA;5 A;>20, ?>A:>;L:C 4;O 8E A>740=8O B@51CNBAO :=86=K5 7=0=8O, =8 MB8<>;>38O<8, ?>A:>;L:C F5;L 8E 2>2A5 =5 2 >1JOA=5=88 ?@>8AE>645=8O =0720=8O B>?>=8<0, 0 2 53> A>?>AB02;5=88 A 181;59A:8< 2K@065=85<. 2B>@ ?@82>48B B0:65 ?@8<5@K B>3>, GB> >= =07K205B rejective lexical engineering (>B25@30NI0O O7K:>20O 8=65=5@8O), :>340 @5GL 845B > B0:8E PSM, :0:   <i>02>=-35;89>=</i> (3@5E>2=>5 >B:@>25=85) 4;O 20=35;8O ((0110B 1160) 8 B.?. <p> -B>  8725AB=K5 25I8, => . &C:5@<0= A<>B@8B =0 =8E ?>4 =>2K< C3;>< 7@5=8O. >B :0: >= :><<5=B8@C5B 2KA:07K20=85 ?> ?>2>4C =0@>4=>9 MB8<>;>388 ?5@2>3> ?@57845=B0 :045<88 O7K:0 82@8B 0DB0;8 ">@G8=5@0 ("C@-!8=0O): <p><dir><font size = -1>  0H8 ?@54:8 8=B5@?@5B8@>20;8   <i>:MB02 E0-=8HB520=</i> :0:   87<5=5==>5 ?8AL<> (?@8=8<0O <i>=8HB520=</i> 70 <i>=8HB0=0</i>), 45;8;8 A;>2> D <i>?0B103</i> =0 425 G0AB8, >1=0@C6820O 2 =5< A;>2> D <i>?0B</i> (E;51) 8 B0: 40;55. >4>1=K5 B>;:>20=8O 40;5:8 >B ;8=328AB8G5A:>9 8AB8=K, :0: 8 8=B5@?@5B0F88 ?5@A84A:8E 8<5= A>1AB25==KE 2 81;88, ?@8 :>B>@KE 4065 8<O AK=0 7;>45O-<0=0 D <i>0@H0=40B0</i> AB0;> 4;O 0H8 7=0<5=8BK< D  <i>0@H0=-E0-0B</i> (B>;:>20B5;L 0:>=0). -B> ;8HL @8B>@8G5A:85 83@K, 0 =5 =0AB>OI89 682>9 O7K:. </font> <p>  B> 2@5<O, :0: O ?>;=>ABLN A>3;0A5=, GB> ?>4>1=K5 B>;:>20=8O 40;5:8 >B ;8=328AB8G5A:>9 8AB8=K, MB0 AB0BLO A2845B5;LAB2C5B > B><, GB> B0:85 @8B>@8G5A:85 83@K  G0ABL =0AB>OI53> 682>3> O7K:0... 8=328AB8G5A:89 0=0;87 =0@>4=>9 MB8<>;>388 =5 4>;65= >3@0=8G820BLAO >1AC645=85< >H81>G=KE MB8<>;>389, ?>B><C GB> =0@>4=0O MB8<>;>38O G0AB> 2545B : ?>O2;5=8N =>2>9 A5<5<K/;5:A5<K. -B0 AB0BLO ?>:07K205B B0:65, GB> >A=>20==K5 =0 =0@>4=>9 MB8<>;>388 <5B>4K 8A?>;L7>20;8AL >1@07>20==K<8, CG5=K<8, @5;838>7=K<8 ;845@0<8. (Lexical Engineering, AB@. 21)</dir> <p> 0 <>9 273;O4, @0AA<>B@5==K9 8;04>< &C:5@<0=>< O7K:>2>9 :0<CD;O6 =8 2 :>59 <5@5 =5 O2;O5BAO 8A:CAAB25==K< O2;5=85<, GC64K< B@048F88 52@59A:>9 A;>25A=>AB8, 8 A0< ?> A515 >= 2>2A5 =5 A2845B5;LAB2C5B, GB> 87@08;LA:89 O7K: (B0: 02B>@ ?@54?>G8B05B =07K20BL A>2@5<5==K9 82@8B) =5 O2;O5BAO AB04859 @0728B8O 4@52=552@59A:>3>. 0?@>B82, &C:5@<0=C A:>@55 C40;>AL =0IC?0BL 8 >?8A0BL >4=C 87 DC=40<5=B0;L=KE >A>15==>AB59 8C459A:>3> 273;O40 =0 <8@ 8 =0 B5:AB. A?><8=05BAO 84@0H (<i>!0=E54@8=</i> 430), ?>4@>1=> @0AA<>B@5==K9 2 AB0BL5  L2>20 <a href="http://lvov.judaica.spb.ru/snh.shtml"> >340 70:>=G8;AO AC4</a>.  =5< @5GL > AC45 =04 CG5=8:>< 8ACA0 87 070@5B0 ?> 8<5=8  <i>0B09</i> (0BD59 - ?), ?@83>2>@5==>< : A<5@B8 70 =5:85 ?@5ABC?;5=8O.  :0G5AB25 >?@0240=8O >AC645==K9 ?@82>48B D@07C A> A;>2><  <i><0B09</i>: >340 (<i><0B09</i>) ?@84C 8 O2;NAL ?5@54 >3>< (A. 42:3), =0 GB> 52@59A:85 <C4@5FK 2K=C645=K 2>7@078BL 4@C38< AB8E>< >340 (<i><0B09</i>) C<@5B 8 8AG57=5B 8<O 53> (A. 41:6). 0 A0<>< 65 45;5 AC4 =>A8B G8AB> :0<CD;O6=K9 E0@0:B5@, ?@83>2>@ C65 2K=5A5= =0AB>OI8< AC4><, !0=354@8=><, 0 ?>8A: MB8<>;>388 8<5=8 >AC645==>3> ?@5A;54C5B G8AB> @8B>@8G5A:85 F5;8, 401K A>740BL 2=5H=55 2?5G0B;5=85 AC451=>3> ?@>F5AA0. >8A: >1>A=>20=8O 2 8A0=88 (<i>0A<0EBK</i>) 4;O C65 ACI5AB2CNI53> 70:>=0, B>;:>20=8O 8;8 65 O2;5=8O, 2 B>< G8A;5 8 O7K:>2>3>, B8?8G5= 4;O 52@59A:>9 ;8B5@0BC@K. 5C4828B5;L=>, GB> MB0 >A>15==>ABL 52@59A:>3> <KH;5=8O >B@078;0AL 8 2 A0<>< O7K:5. %>BO FEN <>6=> >1=0@C68BL 2 @07=KE O7K:0E, B>B D0:B, GB> ?@54AB02;5=85 >1 MB>< O2;5=88 AD>@<C;8@>20; ;8=328AB, 70=8<0NI89AO 8<5==> 82@8B><, A:>@55 2A53> =5 A;CG05=. <p> ! =5:>B>@K<8 <KA;O<8 &C:5@<0=0 A;>6=> A>3;0A8BLAO. =, =0?@8<5@, 3>2>@8B 2 >4=>9 87 AB0B59 <i>/ AG8B0N, GB> 2 :0:>9-B> <><5=B 2 1C4CI5< 0=3;89A:89 O7K: 4>AB83=5B ?>;=>3> 3>A?>4AB20, 0 =0F8>=0;L=K5 O7K:8 >B?04CB A C?04:>< =0F8>=0;L=KE 3@0=8F 8 2>7=8:=>25=85< =535>3@0D8G5A:8E M:>=><8G5A:8E 0DD8;80F89. 01>B=8: C=825@<030 Walmart =0 /<09:5 1C45B GC2AB2>20BL A51O 1;865 : @01>B=8:C Walmart a 2 !;>25=88, G5< : EC4>6=8:C =0 /<09:5, 8 B0: 40;55</i> (Language contact and globalization, c. 288). >4>1=K5 =8G5< =5 ?>4:@5?;5==K5 DCBC@8AB8G5A:85 ?@>3=>7K :06CBAO =082=K<8, >A>15==> ?>A;5 B>3>, :0: <=>385 3;>10;L=K5 ?@>3=>7K XX 25:0 >:070;8AL =5A>AB>OB5;L=K<8. <p> =>385 <0B5@80;K 8;040 &C:5@<0=0 A>45@60BAO =0 53> 251-A09B5 <a href="http://www.zuckermann.org">http://www.zuckermann.org</a>. "0< <>6=> =09B8, =0?@8<5@, A>G8=5==CN 8< <a href="http://www.zuckermann.org/poem.html"> ><>D>=8G5A:CN 42CO7KG=CN ?>M<C</a>, 2 :>B>@>9 D>=5B8G5A:8 >48= 8 B>B 65 B5:AB <>65B 8=B5@?@5B8@>20BLAO :0: AB8E>B2>@5=85 ;81> =0 82@8B5, ;81> =0 8B0;LO=A:>< O7K:5  1;5ABOI0O 8;;NAB@0F8O :>=F5?F88 O7K:>2>9 :>=25@35=F88. <p> =830 &C:5@<0=0 <a href="http://www.zuckermann.org/enrichment.html"> Language Contact and Lexical Enrichment in Israeli Hebrew </a> (/7K:>2>9 :>=B0:B 8 ;5:A8G5A:>5 >1>30I5=85 87@08;LA:>3> 82@8B0,  8 >=4>=, 2003) B>;L:> GB> 2KH;0 87 ?5G0B8 2 8740B5;LAB25 <i>Palgrave-Macmillan</i>. C45< 640BL ?>O2;5=8O 2B>@>9 53> <>=>3@0D88, ?>A2OI5==>9 @>;8 848H0 2 D>@<8@>20=88 A>2@5<5==>3> 82@8B0 <a href="http://www.zuckermann.org/survival.html"> Between Revival and Survival: Yiddish and the Emergence of the Israeli Language</a> (564C 2>7@>645=85< 8 2K6820=85<: 848H 8 2>7=8:=>25=85 87@08;LA:>3> O7K:0), 0 ?>:0 704C<05<AO =04 <C4@>ABLN AB0@8==>9 52@59A:>9 ?>3>2>@:8, 27OB>9 8< 2 :0G5AB25 M?83@0D0 : >4=>9 87 AB0B59: <i><b> :;C35@ D0@HB59B DC= M9= 2>@B F259</b></i> (C4@K9 87 >4=>3> A;>20 ?>=8<05B 420). <p><a href="http://www.zuckermann.org/enrichment.html"><img src="http://www.zuckermann.org/140391723X.gif"></a> </font> </BODY></HTML>
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